The year was 1895. Oscar Wilde was already famous. Married with two children, he was also four years into an affair with 25-year-old Lord Alfred Douglas. When Douglas' father denounced Wilde as a homosexual, the poet, novelist, and playwright sued for libel - and lost. He was sentenced to two years at hard labor at Reading Gaol. At the time of his arrest, The Importance of Being Ernest, was still in production on the London stage. We know him also for The Picture of Dorian Gray, Lady Windemere's Fan, An Ideal Husband, and a highly quotable wit.
In our own time, this thing called "sodomy" is no longer the sin it was in 1895. In fact, the US Supreme Court no longer considers it a crime (Lawrence v. Texas 2003). From the perspective of hindsight, one feels the weight of Wilde's tragedy, the injustice of his incarceration, and a sense of sorrowful compassion for what happened to him. He was to die five years later. His wife, Constance Lloyd Wilde, died two years before him. Only Lord Alfred Douglas survived into relative old age, passing away in 1945 at the age of 74.
We all know about his work on the co-discovery of DNA, which earned a Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1962, which was was shared with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins (but not female Molecular Biologist, Rosalind Franklin, who contributed critical research to that discovery but had died of ovarian cancer four years before the prize was awarded.)
To celebrate his 86th birthday, here's Watson's Ted Talk from 2005. Somewhere in the background, you can hear the grateful prayers of the 300-plus wrongfully convicted men whose sentences have been overturned because of DNA testing. Maury Povich, your ratings owe a debt of gratitude to Watson, et al, too. But let's not go there.
Born on April 6, in 1929, this music prodigy turns 85 today. He's won a staggering number of awards, is a world-class conductor of classical music, a jazz and classical pianist, and a composer whose work includes an opera based on Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire.
Here is former wife, Mia Farrow, introducing the bio for his 1998 Kennedy Center Award.
One of the all-time "greats" of 20th century jazz, this saxophonist, clarinetist, composer, and arranger was born this day in 1927. If you don't know him, look here for the details. If you do know his music, sit back and enjoy this 10-minute clip from the 1971 Newport Jazz Festival, featuring Mulligan, Dave Brubeck, and Paul Desmond.
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